The arrowhead plant, known by its scientific name, syngonium podophyllum or syngonium, is a popular houseplant native to the tropical rain forests of central and South America. The plant gets its name from its arrow-shaped or spade-like leaves. Check this guide on arrowhead plant care, benefits and Vastu significance, if you plan to grow this plant in your house.
Arrowhead plant: Quick facts
|Botanical name||Syngonium podophyllum|
|Common names||Arrowhead plant, arrowhead philodendron, arrowhead vine, African evergreen, American evergreen, goosefoot and nephthytis|
|Found in||Latin America, Mexico|
|Flower||Greenish or whitish flowers with light-yellow to green spathes|
|Foliage||Shades of green|
|Benefits||The plant purifies the air. It is used for decorative purposes.|
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- The leaves of the cultivated varieties of syngonium podophyllum appear in different shades of green. In the wild, they are dark green and without variegation. In some varieties, the plant leaves are nearly white, pink or yellow.
- The arrowhead plant can reach a height of 1.5 metres.
- The arrowhead plant produces small, greenish or whitish flowers on spadices with light-yellow to green spathes.
Arrowhead plant benefits
Syngonium plants are widely used for ornamental purposes. Moreover, the arrowhead plant is a popular houseplant as it cleanses the air. In Feng Shui and Vastu, this plant is believed to invite positive energies as the leaves mature into varying five lobes, denoting nature’s five elements.
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Arrowhead plant care
The arrowhead plant needs moderate to bright sunlight. However, it can withstand low light. Avoid exposing the plant to direct and intense sunlight.
The average temperature of 18-23°C (65-75°F) is suitable for the plant.
The plant grows well in humid conditions. Set up a wet pebble tray beneath the plant or install a humidifier in the area.
The plant can grow up to three to six ft. If you prefer a smaller size, cut the climbing stems and the plant will remain bushy.
Check if the soil has dried out before watering the plant. You can increase the frequency with increased light and reduce it during winter. Water regularly during spring and summer.
The arrowhead plant can be propagated by putting plant cuttings in water or potting compost. Air layering is another process for propagating the plant. Wrap a section of the plant’s wounded stem (by peeling the bark away) with peat moss and secure it using plant twine.
- Select the right soil as arrowhead vines are prone to root rot.
- Use traditional soil-based potting mix for growing the plant.
- The arrowhead plant requires moist but well-drained soil.
- The soil pH must be neutral to acidic.
- Choose terracotta or clay containers for planting the vines to prevent excess moisture.
Arrowhead plant Vastu
As per Feng Shui and Vastu Shastra, the syngonium podophyllum or arrowhead plant can be grown in the house to invite positive energies. As it matures, the plant’s arrow-shaped leaves transform into a five-lobed form. According to Feng Shui, this five-lobed form denotes nature’s five elements, namely water, fire, earth, wood and metal. Hence, it creates a perfect Yin and Yang balance and brings Chi or positive energy.
The plant can be placed in front of sharp corners of the house to eliminate the negative energies. This will lower stress and anxiety and bring harmony.
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Arrowhead plant common problems
- The plant may turn pale or yellowish due to excessive light exposure.
- If the leaves appear brown or wilted, it may be due to underwatering.
- The plant can be toxic to dogs and cats as it forms calcium oxalate crystals.
Is the arrowhead plant an indoor plant?
Flowers do not bloom if arrowhead plants are grown indoors.
How poisonous are arrowhead plants?
Some parts of arrowhead plants are poisonous. The plant sap contains oxalic acid. The presence of calcium oxalate crystals can cause eye damage. Moreover, it can cause gastric irritation, salivation, tingling or burning sensation of the lips, mouth, tongue and throat and swelling, if consumed.
Does an arrowhead plant need sun?
Arrowhead plants require medium to bright sunlight.